Jean-Louis André Théodore Géricault ( French: [ʒɑ̃ lwi ɑ̃dʁe teodoʁ ʒeʁiko] ; 26 September 1791 – 26 January 1824) was an influential French painter and lithographer , known for The Raft of the Medusa and other paintings. Although he died young, he was one of the pioneers of the Romantic movement .
(1791-1824). A painter who exerted a seminal influence on French Romantic art, Theodore Gericault reflected in his paintings his colorful, energetic, and somewhat morbid personality. A leader of the revolt against Jacques-Louis David’s Neoclassicism, he was also a fashionable dandy and an avid horseman.
Although The Raft of the Medusa retains elements of the traditions of history painting , in both its choice of subject matter and its dramatic presentation, it represents a break from the calm and order of the prevailing Neoclassical school. Géricault's work attracted wide attention from its first showing and was then exhibited in London. The Louvre acquired it soon after the artist's death at the age of 32. The painting's influence can be seen in the works of Eugène Delacroix , J. M. W. Turner , Gustave Courbet , and Édouard Manet .
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